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Space allowances

The minimum clear floor space required to accommodate a single stationary wheelchair and occupant is 900mm by 1200mm.

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The 7 Principles

The Seven Principles of Universal Design2, developed by the Centre for Universal Design, North Carolina State University, with a consortium of universal design researchers and practitioners from across the United States, are as follows:

Principle 1 – Equitable Design

The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.

Principle 2 – Flexibility in Use

The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.

Principle 3 – Simple and Intuitive

Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user’s experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.

Principle 4 – Perceptible Information

The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user’s sensory abilities.

Principle 5 – Tolerance for Error

The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.

Principle 6 – Low Physical Effort

The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue.

Principle 7 – Size and Space for Approach and Use

Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user’s body size, posture, or mobility.

2 © Copyright 2006 The Centre for Universal Design, NC State University Raleigh, North Carolina, USA

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